Drying clothes can be straightforward if you have the outside space and good weather conditions. However, the UK weather is often wet and cold, and people living in flats have no choice but to dry their clothes indoors. That can create a dilemma about the best way to do it.
One way is to go to a launderette, but that can be costly and may involve a long trip with wet clothes. An alternative is to drape clothes over radiators or a clothes airer, which can lead to a damp atmosphere and an untidy appearance unless you can confine this to a spare room. A heated airer, which costs 4-6 pence an hour to run, may do the job quicker but still has the same drawbacks.
Sometimes the options come down to a choice between using a tumble dryer or a dehumidifier to do the job and each has its benefits and disadvantages.
Using a Dehumidifier to Dry Clothes
The main purpose of a dehumidifier is to remove excess moisture from the atmosphere, generally to avoid problems caused by dampness, such as mould on walls and poor health conditions. However, modern dehumidifiers have a laundry mode that enables owners to use them to also dry their washing.
Manufactures claim that running costs are lower than for tumble dryers and, in cash-strapped times, some owners see it as an opportunity to remove moisture from the air and their wet clothes at the same time. The chosen method is generally to put the washing on a clothes airer in the same room as the dehumidifier.
Using a Tumble Dryer to Dry Clothes
A tumble dryer is, of course, specifically dedicated to drying clothes. However, there are decisions to be made when buying a new one:
- If possible, get an A-rated dryer or, failing that, the highest rated one you can afford since this will be cheaper to run than less energy efficient models.
- Condenser dryers are more efficient but still emit some water vapour and have to be emptied of water periodically. They are reputed to be more prone to breakdown due to their added complexity and can take longer to dry a load than a conventional dryer so consider carefully before choosing.
- A vented dryer takes all the moisture out of the house, either through a hole in the wall or by hanging the outlet pipe out of a window.
- A model with a sensor will have different drying settings and will stop automatically when the clothes are dry enough, saving energy.
Running Time and Cost
The running times and running costs of tumble dryers and dehumidifiers vary a lot depending on the model and how it is used. However, the general view is that a tumble dryer will dry a load in about an hour while a dehumidifier in laundry mode takes about 8-12 hours.
In its defence, the dehumidifier is also drying the surrounding air although the wet washing is adding to this humidity, so splitting the timing between the two jobs is impossible.
According to one manufacturer’s figures, a dehumidifier costs 3-5 pence an hour to run whilst a tumble dryer averages 31 pence an hour. At these rates, the cost for the two machines to deal with an average load will not be significantly different. However, in practice the cost could be quite different, especially if you choose a more economical tumble dryer. Tumble dryer running costs can also be reduced by running overnight at Economy 7 rates although noise levels may prevent this depending on each machine’s location.
Other Things to Consider
As well as cost, maybe other factors need to be considered. One is the health of the occupants because some people are adversely affected (dry throats and eyes, etc.) by the dry air that dehumidifiers produce, while others suffer from excessive damp.
Tumble dryers can over-dry clothes and cause them to fade and shrink, whereas dehumidifiers do not have that effect. This problem can be solved if the dryer has a sensor, since this will switch the machine off once the required level of dryness has been reached.
Both types of machine will generate some heat and can therefore offset heating bills to some degree in the rooms where they operate. This obviously has no relevance if the tumble dryer is out in the garage.
Best of Both
As with many things, it probably boils down to personal preference and some people may use both types of machine for their original purpose. In this case, you can still save money by doing the following:
- Run an extra spin cycle on the washing machine so the tumble dryer has less to do and can be run for a shorter time.
- Only use the tumble dryer when it’s not possible to dry clothes outside.
- Make sure you always have full loads for both washing and drying in order to reduce the frequency.